Andrew H. Walker, Getty Images Nine days after the deadly tornado that touched…
- Posted on Oct 23rd 2009 10:37AM by Stephen Dowling
Launched on Tuesday, the Close Gitmo Now campaign unites activists, artists and retired generals in a coalition to close the controversial detention camp, used to house suspects captured in the War on Terror.
Other artists who have added their name to the cause include Nine Inch Nails, Billy Bragg, Roseanne Cash, Jackson Browne and Steve Earle.
Songs by a number of the acts -- including R.E.M., Nine Inch Nails and Pearl Jam -- were used to stress prisoners by being played at very high volume, a US Senate report said last year.
"At Guantanamo, the US government turned a jukebox into an instrument of torture," Thomas Blanton, executive director of the National Security Archive which backs the campaign, said.
"We have spent the last 30 years supporting causes related to peace and justice," R.E.M. said in a statement. "To now learn that some of our friends' music may have been used as part of the torture tactics, without their consent or knowledge, is horrific. It's anti-American, period."
AC/DC, Aerosmith, Bruce Springsteen and Metallica were among the 35 artists and songs that have been used against terror suspects, according to a list released Thursday.
The National Security Archive -- an independent research institute in Washington, D.C. that advocates "for the right to know" -- filed a request for the full list. The Archive's senior analyst Kate Doyle told CNN, "We do know that songs and band's work has been used to abuse detainees, we know that." The requests submitted under the Freedom of Information Act ask for documents "concerning the use of loud music during detention and/or as a technique to interrogate detainees at operated prison facilities used in its War on Terror at Guantanamo, and during 2002-the present."
Here is the full list of artists or songs used in the interrogations:
- 'Barney the Dinosaur' theme song (By Bob Singleton)
- The Bee Gees
- Britney Spears
- Bruce Springsteen
- Christina Aguilera
- David Gray
- Don McLean
- Dr. Dre
- Drowning Pool
- Hed P.E.
- James Taylor
- Limp Bizkit
- Marilyn Manson
- Matchbox Twenty
- Meow Mix Jingle
- Neil Diamond
- Nine Inch Nails
- Rage Against the Machine
- Red Hot Chili Peppers
- Sesame Street Theme Music (By Christopher Cerf)
- Stanley Brothers
- 'The Star Spangled Banner'
- Tupac Shakur